CLAY MINE: Court rules in favor of Concerned Citizens in SMI lawsuit


It was a good day for those who had been fighting the clay mine operation in Waterloo for the last several years.

On Friday the New York State Court of Appeals reversed a decision made by Justice W. Patrick Falvey in the case Dixie D Lemmon and Concerned Citizens of Seneca County v. Seneca Meadows, James Cleere, Waterloo ode Enforcement, as well as the Waterloo Zoning Board of Appeals.

The decision was unanimous.

The Article 78 petition challenged the way by which the Zoning Board of Appeals in Waterloo handled the issuance of a zoning permit which allowed Seneca Meadows to traverse an access road over a residentially zoned parcel in connection with its clay mining operations.

The decision notes that zoning law in Waterloo prohibits commercial excavation operations in residential districts, but the ZBA upheld the decision by James Cleere, Code Enforcement Officer, that an access road can cross residential property.

The decision points out that property being landlocked is not reason enough to grant an exception, which would allow the access road to be used.

The court called the ZBA’s determination “irrational and unreasonable.”

Now according to Douglas H. Zamelis, the Cooperstown attorney representing the Concerned Citizens of Seneca County it would require that Seneca Meadows compel the same court who just issued this unanimous decision to find the ruling unconstitutional.

That would be difficult to pull off, according to Zamelis. Very few cases like this are overturned by the same body that ruled.

“It’s a very good day for the Concerned Citizens of Seneca County and Ms. Lemmon,” he concluded.

It’s unclear if Seneca Meadows will take any further action on this matter. Now, residents wait in Waterloo to see if the decision will result in a direct impact on the clay mine operation.

Read the decision below:

Appeal from a judgment of the Supreme Court, Seneca County (W. Patrick Falvey, A.J.), entered March 11, 2016 in a proceeding pursuant to CPLR article 78. The judgment granted the motions of respondents to dismiss the petition and dismissed the petition.

It is hereby ORDERED that the judgment so appealed from is unanimously reversed on the law without costs, the motions are denied, the petition is reinstated, the petition is granted and the determination is annulled.

Memorandum: Petitioners commenced this CPLR article 78 proceeding against Seneca Meadows, Inc. (SMI), James Cleere in his capacity as the Town of Waterloo Code Enforcement Officer, and the Town of Waterloo Zoning Board of Appeals (ZBA). Petitioners sought, inter alia, to annul the determination of the ZBA confirming Cleere’s issuance of a zoning permit allowing SMI to traverse an access road over a residentially zoned parcel in connection with its clay mining operations. SMI’s proposed clay mine is located within its agriculturally zoned parcel, but it is bordered by its commercially and residentially zoned parcels that provide access to public roads. The Zoning Law of the Town of Waterloo prohibits commercial excavation operations in residential districts. Nevertheless, the ZBA upheld Cleere’s determination that the access road can cross the residential district because the agricultural portion of the property is landlocked. Supreme Court granted respondents’ motions seeking dismissal of the petition.

Petitioners contend that the ZBA erred in its determination. We agree and conclude that the ZBA’s determination is irrational and unreasonable (see generally Matter of New York Botanical Garden v Board of Stds. & Appeals of City of N.Y., 91 NY2d 413, 418-419). The ZBA’s and the court’s reliance on our determination in Matter of Passucci v Town of W. Seneca (151 AD2d 984) is misplaced. In that case, similar to this case, the commercially zoned portion of the petitioner’s property was landlocked, and the only access was over the residentially zoned portion of the property (id. at 984). In that case, however, the Town’s ordinance prohibited the petitioner from using the residential portion of his premises to access his commercial portion, and thus enforcing the zoning restriction would be unconstitutionally applied inasmuch as it “would prevent [the petitioner] from making any use of the property and would destroy its economic value” (id. [emphasis added], citing Northern Westchester Professional Park Assoc. v Town of Bedford, 60 NY2d 492, 500-501). SMI has failed to carry its “heavy burden of establishing that no reasonable return may be obtained from the property under the existing zoning” (Northern Westchester Professional Park Assoc., 60 NY2d at 501). We therefore reverse the judgment, deny respondents’ motions, reinstate the petition, grant the petition and annul the determination.

Entered: February 3, 2017

FingerLakes1.com reached out to Seneca Meadows for comment but had not received any official word as of 10:20 am on Saturday.

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